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No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from Planning Commission, Government of India ISBN ISBN Indias commitment to planned economic development is a reflection of our societys determination to improve the economic conditions of our people and an affirmation of the role of the government in bringing about this outcome through a variety of social, economic, and institutional means. It provides a comprehensive strategy for inclusive development, building on the growing strength of the economy, while also addressing weaknesses that have surfaced. The strength of the economy is evident from the remarkable transition to a high growth path, which has been achieved in recent years. The Tenth Plan period to began modestly, but then saw the economy accelerating steadily to achieve an average growth rate of 7.
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- Emerging Space Powers: The New Space Programs of Asia, the Middle East and South-America
- From Fishing Hamlet To Red Planet P V Manoranjan R
- 11th Five Year Plan 2007-12, India, Inclusive Growth
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- INSAT 4A SATELLITE
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Shivalik Graphics Disclaimer: Editor and Publisher are not responsible for any views, data, figures etc. Expressed in the articles by the author s. Maps are notational. Editorial Where there is a will But only few understand and act upon it. This saying underlines a very vital fact of life. Man is ambitious; he is full of desires, he needs force of will power to fulfil these dreams. Without determination and a strong will, nothing can be achieved. Determination is one of the secrets of success.
Those who work hard are crowned with success, others are like cats that wish to eat fish but dare not wet their feet. God helps those who help themselves.
Napoleon believed that the word "impossible" was to be found only in the dictionary of fools. There is nothing impossible in the world for a man of steel, will power and unyielding determination. Take the example of Maharana Pratap and Shivaji. They are well known in history for their iron will, strong determination, courage, heroism and patriotism. Rana Pratap fought bravely against such a powerful king as Akbar, despite successive defeats but never surrendered in slavery.
Again, take the example of Mahatma Gandhi, a frail man but a man of iron will and strong convictions. He won us freedom through non-violence, Satyagraha and noncooperation. A determined person takes hurdles as a challenge and overcomes them with hard work and tireless efforts.
History is full of many bright examples to show us how people turned seemingly impossible work into a possibility and success. If you have an unshakable, resolute will and carry on your efforts, as did these great men of history, you, too, are bound to have what you want. So we hope with these study materials you will make your efforts better for success in upcoming challenges. Indian Rupee A step towards globalisation ndia has finally got a symbol for the Rupee and joined a select club of countries whose currencies have an unique identity.
The Union Cabinet on Jul 15, approved the design, which includes both the Devnagiri 'Ra' and the Roman capital 'R' and has two parallel lines running at the top. The parallel lines symbolise the equal to sign. The symbol selected has been designed by an Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay postgraduate D Udaya Kumar and was selected from among five short listed symbols.
I wanted the symbol for the Rupee to represent the Indian flag. It is a perfect blend of Indian and Roman letters: a capital 'R', and Devnagari 'Ra', which represent rupiya, to appeal to international and Indian audiences. After working on the design for few months, I shortlisted eight to 10 designs and then refined them. His entry was chosen from 3, designs competing for the currency symbol. He will get an award of Rs 2.
All new notes will now bear the symbol. Though the symbol will not be printed or embossed on currency notes or coins, it would be included in the 'Unicode Standard' and major scripts of the world to ensure that it is easily displayed and printed in the electronic and print media. Among currencies with distinctive identities, only the pound sterling has.
Unicode is an international standard that allows text data to be interchanged globally without conflict. After incorporation in the global and Indian codes, the symbol would be used by all individuals and entities within and outside the country.
The symbol will be adopted in a span of six months in the country, and within 18 to 24 months globally and it will feature on computer keyboards and software for worldwide use. New Rupee symbol won't show soon on computers Vendors of computers, mobile phones, and software say they will support the symbol for the Indian rupee that was approved by the Indian cabinet.
But it may be over two years before the rupee symbol starts showing on computers and mobile phones, analysts said. Many vendors are also undecided whether they will offer the new symbol on keyboards and keypads, or as additions in software to the character set supported by their devices. Nokia, for example, welcomed the move by the Indian government to have a symbol for the rupee, and said it would abide by the rules and regulations in this regard.
However, a company spokeswoman said it's too early to comment on how the symbol will be implemented, whether on the phone keypad or on the character list. For computers, mobile phones and other computing devices to understand the symbol, it has to be 4. The new symbol has to be submitted by the Indian government to the Unicode Consortium to be encoded and allotted a code point in the Unicode Standard, he said.
The Unicode Standard is a character coding system designed to support the worldwide interchange, processing, and display of written texts of diverse languages and technical disciplines, according to its website. The latest version of the Unicode Standard is Version 5. The time required to add the new rupee symbol to products does not depend on vendors at this point, but on the time it will take for the inclusion of the encoding in the Unicode Standard, Parappil said.
Once a new version of the standard, which has the code point for the rupee symbol, is released by the Unicode Consortium, Microsoft will start work to include it in the Windows operating system and other products, Parappil said. He did not specify the time it would take to include the changes.
Users will not have to buy new software, but will likely receive downloadable updates to their existing software, he added. The Indian government decided to select a symbol for the Indian rupee to reflect the country's economic growth and its integration with the global economy. The symbol will also distinguish the Indian currency from some other currencies in the region like those of Pakistan and Nepal that are also called rupee, the government said. The Indian government does not appear to have any illusions that it will take some time before the rupee symbol gets added to computers, mobile phones, and other computing devices.
Influence of Indian Economy. The proposal to have a unique symbol for the Indian Rupee was the idea of Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee that he brought up in his Budget Speech for this fiscal. The introduction of a unique symbol for Indian Rupee reflects the importance of Indian economy in global economy.
So far, US dollar, European Euro, British Pound, and Japanese Yen were the only members of the elite class of having unique symbols for their currencies. A step towards globalisation Evoking national spirit and international attention the Indian rupee attained a new avatar in its new symbol.
A distinct identity with a blend of the Devanagri 'Ra' and Roman 'R', the Indian currency will be joining the elite club of the U. This would distinguish the Indian currency from its neighbouring countries' — Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Indonesia — similarly. Featured Article known rupee or rupiah.
Political dimension The growth story of India is intact and many would be interested in correlating the new symbol with its economic growth and ambition to become an economic super power. However, the introduction of the new symbol is having a political dimension. While Pranab Mukherjee spoke about ethos of the country in Parliament, it was definitely, on the largest democracy of the world.
As compared to other Asian powers, especially China, India's strength lies in its democracy. This new symbol is also considered as a step towards internationalisation of Indian rupee. While the U. Further, majority of world's currencies are also floating. Convertible currencies are defined as currencies that are readily bought, sold and converted without the permission from a central bank or government entity.
The Indian rupee is only partially convertible as the central bank controls the international investments flowing in and out of the country. With a new symbol, the issue of full capital account convertibility would be revived again. However, the recent global financial crisis again Vol.
Reddy, the then Governor of RBI, in consultation with the government, appointed on March 20, , a committee to set out the road map towards fuller capital account convertibility.
Capital Flows Volatile capital flows have been a central issue during the recent financial crisis, which surfaced around , and continue to be so now as the crisis is ebbing. Emerging market economies EMEs saw a sudden stop and reversal of capital flows during the crisis as a consequence of global deleveraging.
India has followed a consistent policy on capital account convertibility in general and on capital account management in particular. We believe our economy should traverse towards capital convertibility along a gradual path — the path itself being recalibrated on a dynamic basis in response to domestic and global developments.
Post-crisis, that continues to be our policy. We will continue to move towards liberalising our capital account, but we will revisit the road map to reflect. Correlation The recent crisis has clearly been a turning point in the world view on capital controls.
The Asian crisis of the mids demonstrated the risk of instability inherent in a fully open capital account. Even so, the intellectual orthodoxy continued to denounce controls on capital flows as being inefficient and ineffective.
The recent c r i s i s s a w, a c r o s s e m e r g i n g economies, a rough correlation between the extent of openness of the capital account and the extent of adverse impact of the crisis.
Surely, said Dr. The note has referred to certain 'circumstances in which capital controls can be a legitimate component of the policy response to surges in capital flows'.
Now that there is agreement that controls can be 'desirable and effective' in managing capital flows in select circumstances.
The Indian rupee is likely to remain a partially convertible currency, at least in the near future as Dr. Subbarao put it: How emerging market economies manage the impossible trinity — the impossibility of having an open capital account, a fixed exchange rate and independent monetary policy — is going to have an impact on their prospects for growth, price stability and financial stability.
Historically under the British Raj Indian rupee was fully convertible. While many starved and famines hit the country, a small section was buying palaces and other assets in Europe.
This was a religious cum official visit. He came with a big entourage of ministers, officials and family members. This was his second visit to India — the first one was in October The visit was scantily covered by the local media and there was no press conference or press briefing on this visit, though a detailed joint statement was issued by the Ministry of External Affairs on 27 July, , on the discussions between the two sides.
On 27 July, , he was accorded a ceremonial reception at Rashtrapati Bhawan and a banquet was hosted by the President in his honour. Manmohan Singh which was followed by delegation level talks. Tata Motors is establishing a plant in Myanmar and is hopeful of starting production of heavy trucks from this plant from Manmohan Singh. Media Reports give the impression that Than Shwe came to India to solicit India's support or the forthcoming elections.
Emerging Space Powers: The New Space Programs of Asia, the Middle East and South-America
Shivalik Graphics Disclaimer: Editor and Publisher are not responsible for any views, data, figures etc. Expressed in the articles by the author s. Maps are notational. Editorial Where there is a will
Preparation of the facility is currently under way. Jacksonville Mayor Alvin Brown welcomed Embraer to the city. After acquiring the CJ for the special operations role, the Indian Air Force is now extremely keen on considering the hugely flexible tilt-rotor role as it expands its special forces capability in tandem with the Army. Air Marshal Retd B.
From Fishing Hamlet To Red Planet P V Manoranjan R
11th Five Year Plan 2007-12, India, Inclusive Growth
It is mainly intended to meet the demand for an interactive satellite-based distance education system for the country. EDUSAT carries five K u band transponders providing spot beams, one K u band transponder providing a national beam and six extended C band transponders providing national coverage beams. About seventeen minutes after lift off, the satellite was successfully placed in GTO. At count zero and after confirming the normal performance of all the four strap-on motors, the tonne solid propellant first stage core motor was ignited and GSLV blazed into the sky.
India's advanced communication satellite GSAT was successfully launched early today on board Ariane-5 rocket from Europe's spaceport in French Guiana. The stage is set for launch of India's advanced communication satellite GSAT, the heaviest built by the country, in the early hours tomorrow. Off air for more than a year now, four education channels that catered to lakhs of distance learning students are likely to get a fresh lease of life soon.
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The document is divided into three volumes. Volume I: Inclusive Growth—details the vision, policies, and strategies of the key sectors and gives the macroeconomic framework and financing of the Plan; Volume II: Social Sector—provides plans. Volume I www. Published by: ISBN Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Oxford is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries.
INSAT 4A SATELLITE
It was the first British cruiser tank to use the Christie suspension system, which gave higher speeds and better cross-country performance; previous cruiser tank models had used triple wheeled bogie suspension. Just as prototypes were arriving in , General Giffard LeQuesne Martel, a pioneer in tank design who had published works on armoured warfare and pioneered the lightly armoured 'tankette' to enhance infantry mobility, became Assistant Director of Mechanization at the War Office. Walter Christie's work. Martel urged the adoption of the Christie suspension and Christie's practice of using a lightweight aircraft engine, such as the Liberty Engine. The government authorized the purchase and licensing of a Christie design via the Nuffield Organization, rather than contact the Soviet authorities. Why this survivor was sent to Britain seems odd it is possible it was the only available example, hastily put into operable condition but minus its turret. Pending the delivery of the A13, an interim design was approved from the A7, A9 and A10, the A9 being selected.
Mars Orbiter Mission